... in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Amen. Through the prayers of our holy Fathers, Lord Jesus Christ our God, have mercy on us and save us. Amen. Glory to You, our God, Glory to You.
O Heavenly King, the Comforter, the Spirit of truth, You are everywhere and fill all things, Treasury of blessings, and Giver of life: come and abide in us, and cleanse us from every impurity, and save our souls, O Good One.
Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal, have mercy on us (three times).
Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost, as it is now, was in the beginning, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.
Numbers 11:16-17, 24-29 (KJV Paraphrase)
“The Lord said to Moses, “Gather seventy men around Me from among the elders of Israel: men whom you know to be the elders of the people, officers over them; bring them to the tent of the congregation, so that they may stand there with you. I will come down and talk with you there: I will take the Spirit which is on you, putting it on them; they shall share the burden of the people with you, so that you do not need to carry it by yourself.”
“Moses went out, told the people the words of the Lord, gathered the seventy men from the elders of the people, and set them around the tent. Then the Lord came down in a cloud, and spoke to [Moses], took the Spirit that was on him, and gave it to the seventy elders: so it came to pass that, as long as the spirit rested on them, they prophesied without ceasing. Two men, Eldad and Medad, who were listed [among the seventy], remained in the camp, yet the Spirit rested on them as well. Even though they did not come to the tent; even so, they prophesied in the camp. A young man ran to tell Moses, “Eldad and Medad prophesy in the camp.” Joshua the son of Nun, Moses’ servant, a member of his staff responded, “My lord Moses, forbid them.” Moses replied, “Are you envious on my account? Would to God that all of the Lord’s people were prophets, and that the Lord would put His Spirit on all of them!” ”
“Would to God that all of the Lord’s people were prophets, and that the Lord would put His Spirit on all of them!”
The Lord does exactly that, He puts His Spirit on all of His people, beginning in 33 AD, with the birth of The Church. This is an extraordinary thing which is often neglected.
Around 586 BC, Ezekiel writes concerning this event.
Ezekiel 36:23-27 (KJV Paraphrase)
“I will sanctify My great Name, which was profaned among the heathen, which you have profaned among them. Then the heathen shall know that I am the Lord, declares the Lord God, when I shall be sanctified among you in their presence. I will take you from among the heathen, and gather you out of all countries, and will bring you into your own land. Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be cleansed. I will cleanse you from all your filthiness, and from all your idols. I will also give you a new heart, I will put a new Spirit within you: I will take the heart of stone from your flesh, and I will give you a heart of flesh. I will put My Spirit within you, causing you to walk in My statutes, and you shall keep My judgments, and do them.”
Ezekiel 37:12-14 (KJV Paraphrase)
“Therefore, ‘Prophesy, saying to them, “Thus says the Lord God, Behold, O My people, I will open your graves, and cause you to come up out of your graves, and bring you into the land of Israel. You shall know that I am the Lord, when I have opened your graves, O My people, and brought you up from your graves. I shall put My Spirit in you; you shall live; and I shall place you in your own land: then you shall know that I the Lord have declared it, and caused it,” says the Lord.’ ”
Joel also writes:
Joel 2:28-32 (KJV Paraphrase)
“It shall come to pass later, that I will pour out My Spirit on all flesh. Your sons and your daughters shall prophesy. Your old men shall dream dreams. Your young men shall see visions. I will also pour out My Spirit on the male and female slaves in those days. I will show miracles in the heavens and on the earth, blood, fire, and pillars of smoke. The sun shall be turned to darkness, and the moon to blood, before the great and terrible day of the Lord comes. It shall come to pass, that whoever calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be salvation, as the Lord has promised, and among the remnant whom the Lord shall call.”
As soon as Peter decrees, “this is that,” we are no longer free to speculate or offer other interpretations. The Apostolic authority is both clear and final. The Book of Acts continues to focus, elaborate, and apply this, Peter’s first Apostolic decree. In spite of the certainty of this fact, this is among the most abused, amplified, argued, bungled, burgled, confused, debated, denied, disavowed, distorted, embellished, exaggerated, hijacked, ignored, misinterpreted, persecuted, perverted, purloined, refuted, sensationalized, stolen, and twisted passages of Scripture. Nevertheless, its meaning is clear and straightforward. Just read it as it stands.
There is no need for a canonical authoritative New Testament at this time. The Holy Ghost Himself continues to authenticate new Christians and churches as they are joined to The Church.
What Moses makes clear is that:
† The Gift of the Holy Spirit was rare before the coming of Pentecost in 33 AD.
† Only Prophets received the primary gift of Inspiration, which enabled them to hear and record their conversations with God.
† This Word from God needed incessant arbitration and explanation which placed an overwhelming physical and spiritual burden on Moses.
† God endorsed and empowered the appointment of seventy elders, the first Sanhedrin, a collegiality of judges, lesser prophets, who were imbued with the gift of interpretation and understanding (Bath Kol, secondary inspiration) so that they could arbitrate and explain Scripture to the people. There is no evidence whatsoever that any one of these elders left a canonical record.
† These seventy men spoke with ecstatic utterance as a confirmation of the fact that they alone were permitted to assist Moses, Aaron, and Joshua with the administration of Yahweh’s kingdom. We do not know the exact nature of this ecstatic utterance; however its intent, limit, and purpose are clear from the context.
Ezekiel makes clear that:
† The purpose of this extended gift of the Holy Ghost is a witness to the heathen, people who have never heard of Yahweh before.
† Israel-Judea will be restored as a nation.
† Israel-Judea will receive a baptism of sprinkling and their love and lust for idolatry will be broken.
† Israel-Judea will receive a tender heart of flesh, to replace their hardened heart of stone.
† Israel-Judea will receive the Holy Ghost.
† Miracles will take place in which graves will be opened and the dead will be brought to life. Although this is a typology, for the resurrection of Christ, and the new birth of His Church, which is all of spiritual Israel, it is literally verified at Christ’s resurrection.
† The Law will be obeyed in this new kingdom.
Joel brings to the table that:
† These spiritual gifts are bestowed on all flesh, not just Israelites and Jews, but on all who believe. These are the ones, Paul assures us, who are the true Israel of God.
† This great salvation, including these spiritual gifts, is available for the asking. The only price on the part of believers is that of calling or praying.
† Those who respond to this free offer, paid for by Christ, will be limited in number, a remnant. It is clear that not all ethnic Israelites, Jews, or heathen will receive the invitation with tender fleshly hearts, and begin to call on the name of God, stop profaning that name, and in Christ become obedient to the Law. Only a remnant will receive this gift of the Holy Ghost.
† All are invited. They fail to receive, because they refuse to ask. They do not drink or eat at God’s table because they reject what is served there. You are invited to come and receive the gift of life. Please come.
Paul details the outworking of this gift for us:
1 Corinthians 12 (KJV Paraphrase)
“Concerning spiritual gifts, colleagues, I would not leave you ignorant. You know that, coming from various nations, you were led astray with unspeaking idols, by your own leaders. So I want you to understand, that no one speaking by the Spirit of God is able to curse Jesus; no one is able to say that Jesus is the Lord, except through the Holy Ghost.
“There are varieties of gifts, but One Spirit. There are contrasting and different leaderships, but One Lord. There are complex operations, but One God is at work behind them all.
“The open display of the Spirit is given to each Christian for the benefit of all people. To one is given the word of wisdom by the Spirit; to another, the word of knowledge by the same Spirit; to another, faith by the same Spirit; to another, gifts of healing by the same Spirit; to another, the working of miracles; to another, prophecy; to another, discerning of spirits; to another, various human languages; to another, the interpretation of languages.
“Yet, all of these function because of that One Selfsame Spirit, Who distributes to each Christian individually as He wishes. As the body is a whole, having many organs and systems, all the organs and systems of that united body, being many, are one body: so also is Christ.
“By One Spirit we are all baptized into one body; whether we are Jews or from other nations; whether we are slaves or free; we have been all made to partake of One Spirit: for the body is not one member, but many.
“If the foot shall say, “Because I am not a hand, I am not part of the body;” is it therefore not part of the body? If the ear shall say, “Because I am not an eye, I am not a member of the body;” is it therefore not a member of the body? If the whole body were an eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole body were hearing, where would be the sense of smell?
“Yet God has created every one of the organs and systems of the body, according to His own pleasure. If they were all the same member, where would the body be? Now all of them are the multitude of members, forming one body.
“The eye cannot say to the hand, “I have no need of you.” Nor can the head say to the feet, “I have no need of you.”
“No, much more those members of the body, which seem to be feeblest, are most essential. Those members of the body, which we think to be without honor, upon these we should lavish more abundant honor; and our ugly features should be renowned for their beauty: for our beautiful features have no need of praise. God has designed the body as a whole, giving more abundant honor to the features which seem to lack honor.
“Thus, there should be no schism in the body; rather that the members should have mutual care for each another. When one member suffers, all the members suffer with it. If one member is honored, all the members rejoice with it.
“You are the body of Christ, and members in particular. God has set some in The Church, first Apostles, second prophets, third teachers, after that miracle workers, then healers, helpers, administrators, linguists. Are all Apostles? Are all prophets? Are all teachers? Are all miracle workers? Do all have the skills for healing? Are all skilled linguists, or knowledgeable interpreters?
“Covet earnestly the best gifts: and yet I show you a more excellent way.”
There are other such passages. Yet all of them scream for the Universality of The Church.
“We believe in One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church.”
This is The Church where the Holy Ghost, “speaks by the Prophets.” This is The Church, which is built on the foundation of Apostles and Prophets, Jesus Christ Himself being the Chief Cornerstone.
Yet, what are we told? This is a spiritual unity, not a visible one. Or, this used to apply, but it no longer applies in this age. Or, you can only have this by…. Whatever dodge, excuse, or smokescreen is put up in order to disobey this command to unity, it is false, an unvarnished lie. We do not attend invisible buildings, to conduct invisible baptisms, listen to invisible preachers with invisible Bibles, and receive invisible communion. Paul contrasts our universal disobedience to idolatry and demonism. Yet, dozens of ways prevail to deny that this has any application in The Church today.
Call to Communion
Oh, if all Catholics, Orthodox, and Protestants would take this to heart, would come together and insist that corrupted members seek repentance. Would to God that we would take this call to Unity to heart. Not in a Unity of compromise. Not in a Unity of domination. Rather in a Unity of Life. Instead of behaving like brothers and sisters in Christ, we behave like 30,000 species of Donatists or Novatianists, each pulling the One Body of Christ to pieces by our willful behavior.
 Ghost, Matthew 1:18, 20; 3:11; 12:31, 32; 28:19; Mark 1:8; 3:29; 12:36; 13:11; Luke 1:15, 35, 41, 67; 2:25, 26; 3:16, 22; 4:1; 12:10, 12; John 1:33; 7:39; 14:26; 20:22; Acts 1:2, 5, 8, 16; 2:4, 33, 38; 4:8, 31; 5:3, 32; 6:3, 5; 7:51, 55; 8:15, 17, 18, 19; 9:17, 31; 10:38, 44, 45, 47; 11:15, 16, 24; 13:2, 4, 9, 52; 15:8, 28; 16:6; 19:2, 2, 6; 20:23, 28; 21:11; 28:25; Romans 5:5; 9:1; 14:17; 15:13, 16; 1 Corinthians 2:13 (?); 6:19; 12:3; 2 Corinthians 6:6 (?); 13:14 (13); 1 Thessalonians 1:5, 6; 2 Timothy 1:14; Titus 3:5; Hebrews 2:4; 3:7; 6:4; 9:8; 10:15; 1 Peter 1:12; 2 Peter 1:21; 1 John 5:7 (8); Jude 1:20
Spirit, Psalm 51:11; Isaiah 63:10, 11; Daniel 4:8, 9, 18; 5:11; Luke 4:1; 11:13; John 1:33; 7:39; Acts 2:4; 1 Corinthians 2:13, 13; 12:3; Ephesians 1:13; 3:5; 4:30; 1 Thessalonians 4:8; 1 Peter 2:5 (?); Revelation 21:10 (?)
Πνεύματος, Matthew 4:1; Luke 4:14; John 3:5, 6, 8; Acts 4:25; 8:39; 11:28; 21:4 (possibly the human spirit); Romans 7:6 (?); 8:2, 5, 5, 6, 23; 8:27; 15:19, 30; 1 Corinthians 2:4, 10, 10, 14, 14; 5:4 (?); 12:7, 8; 2 Corinthians 1:22 (?); 3:6, 6 (?), 8 (?), 18; 5:5; 7:1 (?); 13:13; Galatians 3:14; 5:17, 17 (?); 6:8, 8 (?), 18 (?); Ephesians 2:2 (Satan); 3:16; 4:3; 6:17; Philippians 1:19 (?); 2:1; 4:23 (?); 2 Thessalonians 2:2 (demon), 13; Philemon 1:25 (?); Hebrews 4:12 (?); 9:14; James 2:26 (?); 1 Peter 1:2; 3:4 (?); 1 John 3:24; 4:13; Revelation 18:2 (demon)
A question mark indicates that the verse may be discussing something other than the person of the Holy Ghost, the human spirit, spirituality, and the like. That being said, all human beings possess a human spirit, or invisible part of the whole person. All human beings have not received the gift of the Holy Ghost. So wherever a new gift is discussed it must necessarily involve the Holy Ghost in one way or another.
Word searches were conducted with the following tools:
Wigram, George V., The Englishman’s Greek Concordance of the New Testament, Ninth Edition (Zondervan, Grand Rapids, 1840, 1844, 1860, 1885 previous editions and notes, 1903, 1974 reprint) with earlier credits to the foundational work of G. K. Gillespie.
Bible Gateway, https://www.biblegateway.com/
 The Holy Ghost is not being distributed in pieces or portions; He is not doled out. Since the Holy Ghost is God, He is also ubiquitous, so that all of the Holy Ghost is given to each of the seventy: He comes to each, in all His fullness. This is one of the major differences between biblical religion and pantheism. Rather the Holy Ghost employs His sovereign power to direct and limit the abilities of humans through a variety of spiritual gifts. Partial fullness is simply impossible. One has either received the gift of the Holy Ghost from the Father, through the baptism of Christ, or one has not received that gift at all. It is very clear from this passage that a distinction is still being made between the spiritual gift of Moses and the spiritual gifts of the seventy. The seventy are gifted to administrate, explain, interpret, and judge. Only Moses talks to God, face-to-face, as a friend: as also other prophets speak to God. Aaron only comes to God through Moses or through Urim and Thummim. Miriam only leads other women.
 Why 33 AD? There will always be the unusual person who claims a Wednesday or Thursday Crucifixion. Such ideas are based on the misunderstanding of Jewish and/or Greek idiom. Primitive peoples tend to use counting numbers: 1, 2, 3…. It is an error to force modern concepts of more abstract mathematics on such an idiom. The Church has always believed that Christ was crucified on Friday. Modern astronomy has verified that only two possibilities exist for a Friday Passover, in that general era: 30 AD and 33 AD. While either date may be possible, the later date provides more time for Jesus to develop His ministry; and less time for the work of apostleship to develop prior to the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD. Thus we have a preference for 33 AD, while you may prefer 30 AD, but other dates are not really possible.
 Moses writes in the general period between 1446 (the year of his ordination before Pharaoh and Israel, at age 80) and 1406 (the year of his disappearance, at age 120). It is likely that Moses died around 1406. However, the record accurately reports that he simply went up the mountain, nobody ever saw him again, and his body was never found: else Joshua and the Israelites would have brought his body into the Promised Land and given Moses the dignified burial that he deserved, humanly speaking.
 We ought not think that this gift of prophecy is like that of Moses. We must make a distinction between the gift of Prophecy and the gift of prophecy. What Moses does before 1406 and Peter does 1450 years later is absolutely unlike what others are doing at the same time. There is a wide gulf fixed between the voice of Authority which speaks, and understanding that Authority. Acts 2:16-21
 Ezekiel writes after Yahweh’s Shəkinah has deserted Israel-Judah in chapters 10 and 11; see especially verses 11:17-21, 24.
 The Israelites and Jews, who were commanded to keep, and had the privilege of keeping God’s name sacred before the watching world, had become the most notorious abusers of it. This is among God’s principal complaints against them, and a major reason for the destruction of their divided nation. After their return, the restoration of their nation will never again be free: even after Babylon it remains in a state of slavery to Persia, Greece, and Rome, until Rome destroys it in 70 AD.
 When the Israelites and Jews returned to Jerusalem around 516 BC, God had removed the love and lust for idolatry from those who returned: only a remnant returned. Nevertheless, the majority of these returning refugees may be characterized as still having hearts of stone. This is evidenced by the Pharisees, for whom religion was only a matter of ritual performance and sets of rules or traditions; as well as the Sadducees for whom religion was only a matter of the exercise of physical earthly power, without any eternal meaning. The hearts of stone would not be broken for a remnant of the remnant, until Pentecost, 33 AD.
 This is clearly a baptism by sprinkling.
 The receiving of the new and tender heart is associated with the giving of the Holy Ghost, as well as with baptism. Even the disciples are locked in unbelief prior to Pentecost. Only Mary of Bethany, who washed His feet with her tears, and a handful of others, have realized and believed the full impact of Jesus’ words. The rest are held captive, spellbound in stunned disbelief. What Jesus was saying was not really true, was it? The mental process of the disciples does not differ from ours: how frequently have we retained lessons learned by rote, only to have much fuller understanding flash into view, years later. This kind of understanding requires the additional gift of baptism with the Holy Ghost. Matthew 16:22; Mark 8:32
 Please note that the outcome of receiving this new heart is genuine obedience to the Law, not ritual obedience, and not ceremonial unbelief.
 The occupation of the Holy Land by the Jews, around 516 BC, appears to be a dead or dying precursor. Similarly, the occupation of the Holy Land by the Jews today shows little indication of spiritual life: it’s just another secular nation, having no eternal consequence. Matthew records the fulfillment of the first fruits of this prophecy for us. In Matthew a portion of the dead are raised. This is a typology for the resurrection of all the dead, beginning with Adam and Eve. Among other things, this typology also signifies the spiritual deadness of us all: for before the Holy Ghost comes to us, we are as good as dead: we have no eternal land, no place of rest. It is the remnant from among the Israelites and Jews who receive the gift of the Promised Land. In the fullness of this prophecy the boundaries of this Promised Land are extended until they embrace the whole earth. Paul’s promise in Roman’s 11:11-36 is either still in the future, or hidden from our eyes by God. Matthew 27:50-54; Acts 1:5-8; Ephesians 6:1-3
 The emphasis and focus has now turned away from earthly Jerusalem and Zion to heavenly Jerusalem and Zion, the eternal city of God (Revelation 21). This transition is not news, it is a clear emphasis and focus of the Psalms (for example: Psalm 51, NB that David is among the few who have the gift of the Holy Ghost for prophetic utterance, primary Inspiration). Even in Moses, we understand that the earthly duties and performances of the Israelites and Jews were nothing more than an earthly model of a greater heavenly reality (Exodus 25:9, 40; Hebrews 8:5).
 Acts 2:16-21; also Obadiah 1:15-21; Romans 10:13
 Acts 2:16
 NB that in Acts 8, the Holy Ghost is received separately, which is always possible; yet, in almost all other cases the Holy Ghost is given integrally with baptism. It is the Holy Ghost Who authenticates the Apostolic presence, and not the other way around. A church might very well form and function without the presence of Apostles, although without validated officers. It is impossible that a church form and function without the presence of the Holy Ghost. This puts to silence all those who claim that the Holy Ghost is less than the necessary and sufficient condition for the fullness of churches: that somehow or other an oral tradition must be added to make churches complete. What we see here, as well as elsewhere in Acts, is that oral tradition would grow from the lives of such churches. Churches did not spring authentically or equally from the pre-existence of an oral tradition. What churches had received and believed previously was the Word of God: that is the Old Testament (verses 14, 30-35). It is not critical to this process that the New Testament is neither complete, nor universally available. Acts 8:15, 17, 18, 19, 39
 I am a true Jew. I am both baptized and circumcised in the heart. It is neither the cutting of the flesh nor the washing of the skin with water that matters. It is only the work of Christ in baptizing with the Holy Ghost and fire that matters. Romans 2:28-29
 Such calling has been the faithful practice of a few since the evening after Cain and Abel. Genesis 4:26; 12:8
 All may have come aboard Noah’s ark or arks (as many arks as necessary could have been built). The demand was such, that only one ark was necessary. All were invited to prepare for the flood: they were warned 120 years in advance (Genesis 6:3). They willfully chose death, rather than life. The same thing is true today; people simply have a preference for death. Psalms 116:9-19; Isaiah 55:1-3
 This is not about mere speech. Anybody can mouth words. This is about the sincerity of the heart in declaration. When Cesar’s soldier is about to remove your head, it takes spiritual power not to cave, in terror; in the face of cruel beatings and death to continue to insist that “Jesus is Lord.” Call to mind Daniel in the lion’s den, and Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah before the fiery furnace. It takes more than human strength and will power to man or woman up in situations like this. Consider also John the Baptist, Saints Felicitas & Perpetua, or the Forty Martyrs of Sebaste. This is why confession under the duress of martyrdom has always been considered a proof of sainthood. This is not a nice passage about the ease of spiritual life. This is a hard passage about the bloody cost and suffering of spiritual life. Christ’s exclusive baptism of the Spirit is always accompanied with the baptism of fire.
 Not just all of The Church or all Christians. One of the major purposes of spiritual gifts, is the lifting up of the whole world to God in Christ. Nowhere is this more evident than in the life of Tabitha, whose evangelistic gift of sewing brings many to faith. Acts 9:36-42
 Christ, the head cannot deny His own body and bride: it is simply an impossibility.
 The quintessential ancient organ of honor is the liver, because it is the weightiest organ in the body. Even though it is visually ugly, the ancients held it in high esteem because they understood something of its indispensability for life, and it was weighty. Similarly, the brain, heart, and lungs are not pleasant to look at: yet who can live without them. Moreover, whoever considers appearance more important than chest, head, or stomach pains? Everything else is subordinate when these ache. Psalm 139:13-16
 There is simply no credible excuse that can stand before God; there is no excuse for the 30,000 or so schisms that rend The Church in tatters today. This is disgusting. Judges 19, especially verse 29.
 Paul continues his discussion of spiritual gifts for two more chapters; pointing out that these spiritual gifts are most effective when they are applied by engaging other people, and by exercising them with control.
Engaging another person with one’s spiritual gifts is a very loving thing to do and requires all the efforts of Christ centered love. Far from being the nice, warm, and fuzzy pathway that everybody loves to poeticize out of context; this is the painful process of pouring out one’s life for another, of taking up one’s cross: it is arduous, crushing, difficult, and draining. It saps the life blood from the person striving to love in such a way. 1 Corinthians 13
Exercising one’s spiritual gifts has the goal of building up The Whole Church in love. Anything less than that goal is out of focus and misdirected. Gifts that are exercised without considering such a goal might as well be a diseased appendix. No one is gifted for self-pleasure or self-service. It is the healthy functioning of the whole unified body that matters. 1 Corinthians 14
 for example, Ephesians 4
 Nicene Creed, third paragraph, last sentence. The Holy Ghost speaks by the prophets.
 There is only one temple: not a physical earthy one; rather this heavenly spiritual one of Ephesians 2 and Revelation 21. Yet this spiritual temple is quite real and visible: led by real and visible officers, practicing real and visible rites. Ephesians 2:20
 Romans 12:1-10; 1 Corinthians 10:16-17
 1 Corinthians 10:14-15
 1 Corinthians 10:18-22
 Hebrews 12:18-29
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